Read e-book online Data on Federal Research and Development Investments: A PDF

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the National Science Foundation Federal Funds Survey

ISBN-10: 0309145236

ISBN-13: 9780309145237

Surveys of the nationwide technology Foundation's department of technological know-how assets facts (SRS) supply probably the most major info on hand to appreciate examine and improvement spending and coverage within the usa. those are the Survey of Federal cash for study and improvement and the Survey of Federal technological know-how and Engineering help to Universities, schools, and Nonprofit associations. those surveys support succeed in conclusions approximately primary coverage questions, reminiscent of even if a given box of analysis is sufficiently funded, no matter if investment is balanced between fields, and even if deficiencies in investment could be contributing to a lack of U.S. clinical or monetary competitiveness. besides the fact that, the survey facts are of inadequate caliber and timeliness to aid some of the calls for wear them. moreover the surveys are more and more tricky to behavior in occasions of limited assets, and their technological, procedural, and conceptual infrastructure has no longer been modernized for method or content material. information on Federal study and improvement Investments studies the makes use of and number of information on federal money and federal aid for technology and expertise and recommends destiny instructions for this system in accordance with an evaluate of those makes use of and the adequacy of the surveys. The ebook additionally considers the class constitution, or taxonomy, for the fields of technological know-how and engineering.

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The CIP provides the lists of the field of study. Although the CIP includes fields other than S&E, one obvious advantage of associating the fields of S&E taxonomy for reporting R&D data to the CIP is that it is frequently updated to stay current with educational offerings. The CIP was updated in 1985, 1990, and 2000. NCES is currently updating the 2000 CIP with the goal of releasing an updated version in June 2009.  A disad↜Memorandum, Michelle Coon, “Update of the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP),” National Center for Education Statistics, August 11, 2008.

Only the six largest agencies report the data for obligations to colleges and universities by field of science. Reporting agencies are challenged by the fact that their internal records do not use the categories requested by SRS. For example, internal records do not separate expenditures on R&D plant from expenditures for the conduct of R&D. This is one example of the kind of measurement error that arises because of the difficulty agencies have in translating the data from the categories in which they are maintained on agency records into the categories that are requested by SRS.

THE CURRENT SURVEYS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES 19 Table 2-3╇ Continued Variable Definition Obligations for basic, applied, and total research by field of S&E (detailed field for past fiscal year, broad field for current and next years) Basic research is systematic study directed toward fuller knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific applications towards processes or products in mind. Applied research is systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized or specific need may be met.

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Data on Federal Research and Development Investments: A Pathway to Modernization by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the National Science Foundation Federal Funds Survey


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