By Henri Lefebvre
Henri Lefebvre’s three-volume Critique of daily Life could be the richest, so much prescient paintings by way of one of many 20th century’s maximum philosophers. Written on the start of post-war consumerism, the Critique used to be a philosophical thought for the 1968 pupil revolution in France and is taken into account to be the founding textual content of all that we all know as cultural experiences, in addition to a big impression at the fields of latest philosophy, geography, sociology, structure, political conception and urbanism. a piece of large variety and subtlety, Lefebvre takes as his starting-point and advisor the “trivial” information of quotidian adventure: an adventure colonized via the commodity, shadowed through inauthenticity, but one that is still the one resource of resistance and alter. this can be an enduringly radical textual content, untilmely this present day in basic terms in its intransigence and optimism. quantity One is a groundbreaking research of the alienating phenomena of way of life lower than capitalism.
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Extra info for Critique of Everyday Life, Volume 1: Introduction
Becker has addresed some of these problems in an attempt to clarify the necessary formalization. Sociologists usually use this method [participant observation] when they are especially interested in understanding a particular organization or substantive problem rather than demonstrating relations between abstractly defined variables. They attempt to make their research theoretically meaningful, but they assume that they do not know enough about the organization a priori to identify relevant problems and hypotheses and that they must discover these in the course of the research.
Selection of problems, concepts, and indices and their definition; (2) some estimate of the frequency and distribution of the phenomena under study; (3) the articulation of individual findings with a model of the organization under investigation; and (4) problems of inference and proof. 48 Method and Measurement in Sociology In the first stage, decisions about problems, concepts, and indicators are made. Becker distinguishes three tests used for checking items of evidence. The first is the "credibility of informants"; it checks on whether the informant might have reasons for lying, concealing information, or for misstating his role in the event or his attitude toward it, and whether the informant actually witnessed the event or is basing his description on other channels of information.
It is possible, however, even during intensive participation, to engage subjects in conversation on topics relevant to hypothesis testing. The greatest problem to overcome here is that of the time interval between observation and recording. The following comments by Schwartz and Schwartz are instructive. What happens in the time interval between the event and its final recording is of utmost importance. In retrospective observation the investigator recreates, or attempts to re-create, the social field in his imagination, in all its dimensions, on a perceptual and feeling level.
Critique of Everyday Life, Volume 1: Introduction by Henri Lefebvre