Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy (Second Edition) by Ann B. Butler, William Hodos PDF

By Ann B. Butler, William Hodos

ISBN-10: 0471210056

ISBN-13: 9780471210054

Comparative Vertebrate NeuroanatomyEvolution and AdaptationSecond EditionAnn B. Butler and William HodosThe moment version of this landmark textual content provides a wide survey of comparative vertebrate neuroanatomy on the introductory point, representing a different contribution to the sphere of evolutionary neurobiology. it's been broadly revised and up-to-date, with considerably superior figures and diagrams which are used generously during the textual content. via research of the difference in mind constitution and serve as among significant teams of vertebrates, readers can achieve perception into the evolutionary historical past of the anxious method. The textual content is split into 3 sections:* advent to evolution and edition, together with a survey of mobile constitution, embryological improvement, and anatomical association of the vital worried procedure; phylogeny and variety of mind buildings; and an summary of varied theories of mind evolution* Systematic, entire survey of comparative neuroanatomy throughout all significant teams of vertebrates* review of vertebrate mind evolution, which integrates the total textual content, highlights range and customary topics, broadens viewpoint via a comparability with mind constitution and evolution of invertebrate brains, and considers contemporary info and theories of the evolutionary starting place of the mind within the earliest vertebrates, together with a lately proposed version of the foundation of the mind within the earliest vertebrates that has obtained robust help from newly stumbled on fossil evidenceAmple fabric drawn from the newest examine has been built-in into the textual content and highlighted in designated function containers, together with fresh perspectives on homology, cranial nerve association and evolution, the rather huge and intricate brains of birds in correlation with their complicated cognitive talents, and the present debate on forebrain evolution throughout reptiles, birds, and mammals.Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy is geared to upper-level undergraduate and graduate scholars in neuroanatomy, yet somebody drawn to the anatomy of the frightened approach and the way it corresponds to the way in which that animals functionality on the earth will locate this article attention-grabbing.

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Evolutionary Progress. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 27–48. Lauder, G. V. (1986) Homology, analogy, and the evolution of behavior. In M. H. Nitecki and J. A. ), Evolution of Animal Behavior: Paleontological and Field Approaches. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 9–40. Martin, P. S. (1984) Catastrophic extinctions and late Pleistocene Blitzkrieg: two radiocarbon tests. In M. H. ), 17 Extinctions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 153–189. Mayr, E. (1963) Animal Species and Evolution, 3rd ed.

Alternate terms for discrete homology are strict homology or one-to-one homology. The wing of a bird being homologous to the wing of a bat as a forelimb derivative is an example of a discrete homology, in that a discrete structure in each of two or more taxa is being compared. Additional types of homology, as specified by Smith, are also applicable to neuroanatomical studies. A serial or iterative homology (also called homonomy) involves structures that are derived from the same ontogenetic division of two or more segments in a single individual organism, such as the wing of a bird and the leg of the same individual bird, as serially derived tetrapod limbs.

Galls, F. (1996) The evolution of insects and vertebrates: homeobox genes and homology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 402–403. Hall, B. K. ) (1994) Homology:The Hierarchical Basis of Comparative Biology. San Diego: Academic Press. Hall, B. K. (1995) Homology and embryonic development. In M. K. Hecht and B. ), Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 28. New York: Plenum Press, pp. 1–37. Hall, B. K. (1996) Baupläne, phylotypic stages, and constraint: why are there so few types of animals? Evolutionary Biology, 29, 215–261.

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