By Michael F. Bird
Michael Bird's remark on Colossians and Philemon within the New Covenant remark sequence will pay shut consciousness to the socio-historical context, the stream and dynamics of the textual content, their argumentative method, theological message, and the which means of Colossians and Philemon for the modern church this day. chicken situates Colossians within the context of Paul's Ephesian ministry and describes how Paul makes an attempt to cajole a congregation within the Lycus Valley to stay enterprise within the gospel and to understand the cosmic majesty of Jesus Christ over and opposed to the perspectives of sure Jewish mystics who've thrown the Colossians into confusion. He indicates how, within the letter to Philemon, Paul intercedes for a slave estranged from his grasp via a gently crafted feat of pastoral persuasion from a missionary pal of Philemon. The remark combines exegetical perception, rhetorical research, theological exposition, and useful program multi functional brief quantity. chook indicates Paul at paintings as a theologian, pastor, and missionary in his letters to the Colossians and Philemon.
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Extra info for Colossians and Philemon: A New Covenant Commentary
Never are the “teachers” in Colossae charged with denying Jesus, perverting the gospel, or with being “false” as Paul alleges of his opponents elsewhere (see Gal 1:7; 2:4–5; 5:2–4; 2 Cor 11:4; cf. Jude 4; 1 John 4:1–2; Rev 2:2). 47. Gunther 1973; and see surveys in Francis 1975; Stettler 2005; Smith 2006: 19–38. 48. Hooker 1973; but see response by Gnilka 1980: 163–64 n. 4. ” At the same time Calvin saw these false teachers as Hellenistic to some extent and concerned with speculations contained in the books of Dionysius on the Celestial Hierarchy stemming from the Platonic school.
The prayer is not only Paul’s, but is that of his companions too, as implied by the plural pronoun we. Paul twice mentions knowledge (epignōsei) which has led some to infer that Paul (or a post-Pauline author) is engaging Gnosticism. 13 The object of Paul’s praying and petitioning is for the Colossians to grasp the 12. Along with a number of ancient witnesses I have adopted the reading of “our behalf ” as opposed to “your behalf ” (P46 )* B D* F G) since it is the more difficult reading and has the earliest textual support.
Onesimus then sought shelter with Paul, a respected friend of the master, and Paul pleads to Philemon to forgive Onesimus his transgression and hopefully allow him to remain in Paul’s retinue. But there are further factors for consideration that might count against this proposal, such as the observation that Paul never uses the words phygas, draptēs, or fugitivus as terms to describe Onesimus as a slave taken to flight. Nor does he ever refer to the dire punishments that await a returned fugitive slave.
Colossians and Philemon: A New Covenant Commentary by Michael F. Bird