By Tiziana Nazio
This ebook bargains with the method of the diffusion of cohabitation in Europe and discusses its influence upon primary adjustments in kinfolk formation. It uses hugely dynamic statistical modelling that takes into consideration either alterations happening alongside the lifestyles direction (individuals’ biographies) and throughout beginning cohorts of people (generational switch) in a comparative point of view. it's hence cutting edge methodologically, yet is written in any such means as to be simply readable by means of people with little wisdom of quantitative tools. The process proposed is empirically established on a range of ecu nations: the social democratic Sweden, the conservative-corporatist France and West Germany, the previous socialist East Germany, and the familistic Italy and Spain. the idea and its program are defined in a transparent and easy demeanour, making the arguments and their illustrations available to these from quite a few disciplines. The examine exhibits proof of the ‘contagiousness’ of cohabitation, offering new insights on a approach proper to many social technology debates. it's therefore directed to these attracted to the mechanisms riding social and cultural switch, the character of demographic adjustments, in addition to diffusion methods.
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Additional info for Cohabitation, Family & Society: European Experiences (Routledge Advances in Sociology)
What is needed is thus to distinguish individuals’ characteristics (micro level), from their circumstances set by the macro-level characteristics of their social contexts, such as the institutional factors or the general level of practice with cohabitation. These latter may change over time simultaneously with, but analytically quite distinct from, the development of individuals’ life courses. 4 WHAT DO WE ALREADY KNOW? MICRO-LEVEL EXPLANATIONS Existing theories on the rise of cohabitation over time have suggested that its popularity might be tied to a shift in values or attitudes towards premarital sex in particular (Clarkberg, Stolzenberg & Waite, 1995; Lesthaeghe & Meekers, 1986; Lesthaeghe & Neels, 2002; Lesthaeghe & Surkyn, 1988; Rindfuss & Van den Heuvel, 1990) or more generally to changing gender roles (Goldsheider & Waite, 1986; Prinz, 1995).
Analysing snapshots of a dynamic process may thus lead to a serious misinterpretation of the incidence and progression of cohabitation at a societal level10. Furthermore, because macro-level indicators are the result of the composition of the behaviour of individuals belonging to different birth cohorts, and who choose to cohabit at differing points in their life course, they are also unable to capture the effects of the changing structure of opportunities and constraints over individuals’ lives (Blossfeld, 1996).
Rather, it is a relevant issue for the more general understanding of the process of social change. They also produce quite different predictions about the future levels of cohabitation and the possible impact of public policy. Policies directed towards the first set of ‘structural’ factors may act directly on changing individuals’ conditions. But if some mechanisms were at work linking individuals’ action to other people’s behaviours, and would this be a self-reinforcing mechanism of social contagion, even small changes in individuals’ initial conditions may trigger far bigger changes (both normative and behavioural) at the societal level.
Cohabitation, Family & Society: European Experiences (Routledge Advances in Sociology) by Tiziana Nazio