By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Kevin Kinsella, James W. Vaupel, Caleb E. Finch
What can social technological know-how, and demography specifically, quite anticipate to profit from organic info? there's expanding strain for multipurpose family surveys to gather organic information in addition to the extra generic interviewer-respondent details. on condition that fresh technical advancements have made it extra possible to assemble organic details in non-clinical settings, those that fund, layout, and examine survey facts have to imagine during the motive and capability effects. this can be a problem that transcends nationwide limitations. Cells and Surveys addresses concerns corresponding to which biologic/genetic information might be accrued that allows you to be most valuable to a variety of social scientists and even if accumulating organic facts has accidental negative effects. The booklet additionally takes a glance on the a number of moral and felony issues that such info assortment includes.
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Additional info for Cells and Surveys: Should Biological Measures Be Included in Social Science Research?
Demographic surveys have generally used self-reports of disease presence, functioning, and disability as analytic outcomes. Some infor- EILEEN M. CRIMMINS and TERESA SEEMAN 17 mation has been shown to be relatively reliably reported among older persons, although certainly other sources of information would result in different assessments of health status for some individuals. , 1995). , 1994). , 1994). Demographic researchers must realize that even with accurate reporting to questions on the part of respondents, it can be difficult to use survey responses to set up groups with similar biological profiles.
At the second interview only 4 percent of the sample interviewed at the first wave refused to participate; 5 percent refused at the third. Among those who gave blood and urine at the first interview and who were interviewed at the second wave, 91 and 93 percent, respectively, provided a second sample. About half of those who refused to provide blood and urine samples at the first interview agreed to do so at the second. This experience indicates that the request for blood and urine samples had little effect on survey response.
In each case, data on biological characteristics have been collected for large cohorts of individuals through clinic-based data collection. While all of the studies listed above provide important background relevant to the inclusion of bioindicators in demographic surveys, we describe the home-based data collection procedures used in the MacArthur study. The MacArthur Study of Successful Aging is a threesite longitudinal study of 1,189 persons aged 70-79 years at baseline. MacArthur subjects were interviewed three times: 1988, 1991, and 1996.
Cells and Surveys: Should Biological Measures Be Included in Social Science Research? by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on Population, Kevin Kinsella, James W. Vaupel, Caleb E. Finch