Steven Coughlin's Causal inference and scientific paradigms in epidemiology PDF

By Steven Coughlin

ISBN-10: 160805330X

ISBN-13: 9781608053308

This anthology of articles on causal inference and clinical paradigms in epidemiology covers numerous vital themes together with the quest for causal motives, the strengths and barriers of causal standards, quantitative techniques for assessing causal relationships which are proper to epidemiology and rising paradigms in epidemiologic examine. as a way to offer old context, an summary of  Read more...

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1. Foundations --
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2. informal inference in epidemiologic study --
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3. towards a brand new examine paradigm in epidemiology --
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4. examine paradigms in epidemiology and causal inference.

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Additional info for Causal inference and scientific paradigms in epidemiology

Example text

For example, time is a separate axis in Glass and McAtee’s framework but not in the eco-epidemiology framework. A more striking departure from previous frameworks is that Glass and McAtee do not argue that social conditions (for example, income inequity, discrimination, population density, or neighborhood social disorganization) are causes of disease in the traditional epidemiologic sense. Rather, they view social conditions as risk regulators that influence behavioral risk in ways that are nonspecific, subject to temporal variation, and contingent upon intermediate processes [8].

Case reports and case series can provide useful information about adverse drug effects when outcomes among exposed individuals are dramatically different from what one might expect among non- 28 Causal Inference & Scientific Paradigms In Epidemiology Steven S. Coughlin exposed individuals. Although there are some similarities between the evaluation of causality in case reports and causal inference in epidemiology, there are also some notable differences [39]. For example, the context of adverse reaction assessment is often an individual clinical event or a small number of adverse events suspected of being associated with a drug or vaccine and there may be an opportunity to obtain additional pharmacologic evidence, for example, the result of withdrawing the drug (“dechallenge”) and the result of reintroducing the drug (“rechallenge”).

Developing practical recommendations for the use of propensity scores: discussion of ‘A critical appraisal of propensity score matching in the medical literature between 1996 and 2003’ by Peter Austin. Stat Med 2008;27:2062-5. Shah BR, Laupacis A, Hux JE, Austin PC. Propensity score methods gave similar results to traditional regression modeling in observational studies: a systematic review. J Clin Epidemiol 2005;58:550-9. Sturmer T, Joshi M, Glynn RJ, Avorn J, et al. A review of the application of 34 Causal Inference & Scientific Paradigms In Epidemiology [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] Steven S.

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Causal inference and scientific paradigms in epidemiology by Steven Coughlin

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