By Nobuo Takahashi
Organization layout has been mentioned by means of many authors in administration and association concept. they've got got intuitive and prescriptive propositions beautiful that the easiest association layout is contingent at the environmental stipulations. yet their reviews, known as contingency idea, are normally in keeping with empirical study. lots of the "propositions" are drawn as in simple terms inferences from the result of them. nonetheless, determination theoretic versions of "organizations" within the stochastic atmosphere were studied by way of a few economists and administration scientists independently of contingency conception. during this booklet, vital facets of association layout difficulties are formulated as statistical determination difficulties within the framework of administration and association concept. half one among this booklet analyzes a short-run adaptive difficulties of the association layout. half One comprises an extended exposition of the tips and effects released within the specialist journals, and that i want to thank the nameless reviewers of the next journals: Behaviormetrika, Human family, Behavioral technology. half of this booklet considers a long-run adaptive method within the association, and has no longer formerly been released in its IV current shape, even supposing a model of this half is to seem in magazine of the dept of Liberal Arts, March 1987, The collage of Tokyo. The resul ts of half One and half are supported by way of the empirical study on jap organizations partly 3. This learn used to be financially supported via Nippon Telegraph and mobilephone Public company (NTT). I recognize this gratefully.