By Ian Gough, Alfred Pfaller, Goran Therborn
The authors research how the united states, nice Britain, France, Sweden and Germany have answered to the expanding problem of foreign festival because the mid-1970s. except in Sweden, the pursuit of competitiveness has undermined financial and social citizenship rights, and this has, in Britain and america, engendered an attack upon the belief of the welfare kingdom. team spirit and social self-discipline could be significantly proven if the welfare nation is to stay economically and politically conceivable in a hugely aggressive sleek world.
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Additional resources for Can the Welfare State Compete?: A Comparative Study of Five Advanced Capitalist Countries
But behind them there is a group of five countries on a roughly similar medium-high level of competitiveness but with extreme tax load differences. Sweden, Denmark, Great Britain and Italy must be qualified as marked exceptions to the general pattern of inverse association. 33), with Britain, Italy, France and Austria showing an 'untypically' low competitiveness. 14, the ratings on the scoreboard are also inversely related to the growth of taxes and social security contributions between 1979 and 1986, Denmark, Japan (growth from a very low level) and the Netherlands (contraction from an extremely high level) being the outliers this time.
Australia and Finland are omitted because of lack of data. 1 (in particular for Italy and Denmark). 36. Alfred Pfaller with Ian Gough a; ..... "' 28 e 3 '0 cQ) a. 1 Social expenditure and manufacturing export performance in the 1980s Let us now consider our synthetic index of welfare statism, which does not only take into consideration public money spent for welfare. statist purposes but also citizens' chance of earning an income on the market. 3 compares countries' score on this index with the growth of their manufactured exports.
But in order not to let the long time period slip out of sight we may resort to the somewhat dubious procedure of using an average value of welfare statism during this long period. 15. Its vertical scale shows the arithmetic mean of our tax load indicators for 1975 (1973 is not available), 1979 and 1986, its horizontal scale the average annual growth rates of the Gross Domestic Products. 5 per cent, even though the values of their tax load indicator are spread between 35 and 50 per cent of GDP.
Can the Welfare State Compete?: A Comparative Study of Five Advanced Capitalist Countries by Ian Gough, Alfred Pfaller, Goran Therborn