By N.L. Tranter
The most impressive positive aspects of the demography of 20th century Britain and its constituent nations has been the patience of charges of inhabitants development some distance less than these of the 19th century. via the Nineteen Eighties even absolutely the dimension of the inhabitants had started to say no. Why has this occurred? And why have falling charges of inhabitants development been followed by means of both dramatic alterations within the geography of human place of abode? In an try to resolution those questions, the publication lines the evolution of tendencies in degrees of fertility, mortality and migration and considers the character of the forces answerable for those traits.
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Extra info for British Population in the Twentieth Century
As early as the 1920s net migration had become the main determinant of population growth in almost two-thirds of all urban and over three-quarters of all rural areas. By the 1950s and 1960s a clear distinction had emerged between the experiences of regions in the southern and northern halves of England. In the former, comprising the Greater London, Outer Metropolitan, Outer South East, East Anglian and South West regions, gains or, in the case of Greater London, losses on balance of in- and out-migration were the chief cause of variations in population size.
Once established, it seems, emigration built up a self-sustaining momentum, a momentum which often persisted irrespective of changes in the economic circumstances of sending or receiving countries. Ties of kinship and community initiated by earlier emigrants, together with the financial assistance these gave to those who followed, considerably reduced the emotional and monetary costs of emigration and helped perpetuate movement even when the immediate material motives for relocation were less urgent than they had previously been.
107. more than a tenth, and typically by a good dealless. 5 In more recent decades, however, the contribution of net migration to changes in the size of the population in a number of Scottish regions has greatly increased. By the 1960s, as was the case in other remote, rural areas of Britain and elsewhere in the developed world, migration had already become the main determinant of population growth in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. By the 1970s it was the dominant force in the Borders, Fife, Grampian, Strathclyde and Tayside, as well as in the Highlands and the islands of Orkney and Shetland.
British Population in the Twentieth Century by N.L. Tranter