By Gyan Prakash
To the trendy international, the notions that freedom is an innate of humans and that cash possesses the facility to bind humans look as usual proof. Bonded Histories strains the historic tactics through which those notions turned verified as dominant discourses in India in the course of colonial rule and endured into post-colonial India. Gyan Prakash locates the formula of those discourses within the background of bonded labour in southern Bihar. He makes a speciality of the emergence and next transformation of the connection of reciprocal energy and dependence among landlords and labourers. the writer explores the best way those alterations have been hooked up with broader shifts within the political economic climate of this a part of the subcontinent; with the altering constructions of agricultural construction, land tenure and profit call for; with neighborhood social hierarchies and the ideology of castes; and with Hindu cosmologies, spirit cults and their articulation in ritual practices.
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Additional resources for Bonded Histories: Genealogies of Labor Servitude in Colonial India
In the eighteenth century, Bhuinyas in the hilly tracts of Monghyr 1 2 Hayden White's "The Question of Narrative in Contemporary Historical Theory," History and Theory, 23, 1 (1984), and Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism (Baltimore and London, 1978), Chs. 1-4, make this point. Also relevant is Roger G. Seamon's "Narrative Practice and the Theoretical Distinction between History and Fiction," Genre, 16, 3 (1983). " 36 Bonded histories and Bhagalpur districts were ghatwdls who had formerly owed allegiance to rajas in the north.
The rugged terrain gives over northward to relatively flat lands but is broken in many places by ranges of hills. These rise up in the middle of the plain, sometimes to 1,800 feet, and extend for miles, with towns like Gaya and Bodh Gaya nestled between them. Denuded of all vegetation, the bare appearance of those rocky hills presents a striking contrast to the paddyfieldson the plain. When the hot summer months are interrupted by the southwest monsoon in the middle of June, natural storm drains, dry during the summer, become torrents that flow down the slope from south to north.
In this study, however, I have only taken the seasonal change in agricultural production into consideration. For a discussion of the concept of agricultural seasonality and case studies of its different aspects, see Seasonal Dimensions to Rural Poverty, eds. Robert C h a m b e r s , Richard Longhurst, a n d A r n o l d Pacey ( L o n d o n a n d N e w Jersey, 1981). GSR, 80. Grierson, Notes, 3 . H e went o n t o further subdivide G a y a district into four areas o n the basis of fertility (pp. 8 1 - 8 2 ) .
Bonded Histories: Genealogies of Labor Servitude in Colonial India by Gyan Prakash