By Gerhard Fuchs
The biotechnology is a really very important zone within the built world's economies. This e-book, with contributions from a global array of specialists, explains why biotechnology businesses in numerous international locations focus in a small variety of destinations and what money owed for the luck a few of these businesses then move directly to have.
This attention-grabbing ebook covers such subject matters as:
* the function of small businesses in US biotechnology clusters
* geographic clustering within the UK
* case reviews concerning the sectors in a cross-section of ecu companies
With such overseas contributions, this ebook can be of curiosity to scholars and lecturers serious about commercial association, Innovation stories and company association. not just that, execs with an curiosity in foreign company also will locate this to be a really invaluable learn.
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Additional info for Biotechnology in Comparative Perspective (Studies in Global Competition, 16)
S. (1998) ‘The Changing Rewards to Science: The Case of Biotechnology’, Small Business Economics, 10(2), March: 141–51. R. B. S. Biotechnology Enterprises, National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, MA), Working Paper No. 4653. 3 The development of biotechnology clusters in the USA from the late 1970s to the early 1990s Martha Prevezer Introduction This chapter explores what caused the clusters in US biotechnology to develop. The USA was the ﬁrst country where the biotechnology industry has ﬂourished and the industry there maintains a substantial lead on any other country’s ﬂedgling industry.
Some companies assembled scientiﬁc teams. Other pharmaceutical companies acquired such competence through the acquisition of biotechnology ﬁrms or, in some cases, through mergers. Another strategy was to engage in external linkages with biotechnology companies. As Cullen and Dibner (1993) document, strategic alliance between biotechnology ﬁrms and established enterprises exploded in the mid-1980s. The third phase, which started around a decade ago, involves the commercialisation of biotechnology products.
This disparity suggests that the nature of the knowledge transmitted between the university and the biotechnology ﬁrm may be different between scientists serving as founders and those serving on a SAB. Presumably it is the difference in the nature and quality of the knowledge being transferred from the university to the company that dictates a higher propensity for local proximity in the case of the founders, but not for SAB members. Innovation strategies of biotech ﬁrms Biotechnology ﬁrms have pursued a broad spectrum of innovation strategies.
Biotechnology in Comparative Perspective (Studies in Global Competition, 16) by Gerhard Fuchs