By Charles W. Fornara
By way of the mid 5th century B.C., Athens had develop into the main robust city-state in Greece: a wealthy democracy led by means of Pericles that boldly won keep an eye on of an empire. Athens's energy lower than Pericles used to be the results of a posh interplay of occasions from the time of Cleisthenes. Fornara and Samons get to the bottom of the intricacies of the conflicting old assets to teach how the advance of either democracy and empire have been interdependent in Athens's multifaceted evolution. The authors hint and distinction 4 stands of improvement: the historical past of the Alcmeonid family members of Cleisthenes and Pericles, the character and improvement of Athenian democracy, the expansion of Athenian empire, and the burgeoning antagonism among Athens and Sparta. The clean viewpoint therefore afforded by means of this transparent presentation will intrigue people with pursuits in either historic economics and politics.The determine of Pericles is relevant to all 4 avenues of inquiry. His choice to create the enmisthos polis marked a fateful flip. Henceforth the democracy and the empire presupposed one another. eventually, Pericles's guidelines fueled Sparta's becoming lack of confidence, leading to her statement of battle on Athens in 431 B.C. and Athens's eventual fall
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Extra info for Athens from Cleisthenes to Pericles
202 n. 3, thinks that Ath. Pol. 1 derives from a source that credited the reform to Pericles.  Wade-Gery, Essays, pp. 235–38, esp. p. 237; cf. E. Badian, JHS 107 (1987), 9.  See pp. 67ff. below. ― 26 ― his political orientation. Yet the question deserves attention, for it affects our general estimation of the shape and character of Pericles' career in the fifties and, no less important, supplies an opportunity to test the quality of our tradition. Now modern scholars almost universally bring the date of significant Periclean measures, especially the decree about jury pay, into close temporal relation with the reform of 462/1, as if they were logically concomitant, and that presumption is greatly assisted by the vision of Pericles as a powerful political personality operative in the late sixties serving as the adjutant of Ephialtes.
Evidence to support this view is very hard to find. Apart from the existence of the inefficacious Thucydides (schol. Wasps 947), we have only uncertain conjecture about the possible significance of Pericles' tenure of the strategia for fifteen years in a row—443/2–429/8 (Plut. Per. 3). That knowledge of this feat provided the ancients with a convenient means to divide Pericles' career into two halves, the first embodying his "demagogic" side, the second, his development into a "statesman," is beyond dispute; as we shall see shortly, it was incumbent on the ancients to posit a transformation of this type.
To this we must add the negative evidence of Ath. Pol. 2. " In this critical passage, Pericles is passed over in silence. The picture, surely, is one in which Pericles' presence has been limned because it was inferred that he must have played a part in a movement that seemed so Periclean in its spirit and direction that his involvement followed of itself. Is it not equally apparent that the evidence would have been of a more substantial nature had Pericles actually been the associate of Ephialtes?
Athens from Cleisthenes to Pericles by Charles W. Fornara