New PDF release: Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics.

By Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

ISBN-10: 3110177110

ISBN-13: 9783110177114

ISBN-10: 3110199866

ISBN-13: 9783110199864

The e-book is devoted to linguistic morphology and it encompasses a caricature of an entire morphological concept, situated round a dialogue of basic suggestions reminiscent of morph vs. morpheme, inflectional class, voice, grammatical case, contract vs. executive, suppletion, relationships among linguistic indicators, etc.: the most popular matters in glossy linguistics! The booklet introduces rigorous and transparent innovations essential to describe morphological phenomena of ordinary languages. between different issues, it deals logical calculi of attainable grammemes in a given type. The presentation is constructed in a typological point of view, in order that linguistic information from a wide number of languages are defined and analyzed (about a hundred typologically very diversified languages). the most process is deductive: the options proposed in elements of the idea of Morphology are in line with a small set of indefinibilia and every proposal is outlined by way of those indefinibilia and/or different techniques outlined formerly; for that reason, logical calculi might be built (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical desk of components in chemistry). Then the concept that is utilized to the particular linguistic facts to illustrate its validity and benefits. hence, features of the speculation of Morphology combines metalinguistic pastime (a procedure of thoughts for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all scholars of language, together with the border fields and functions.

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Sample text

2. ’ Two factors can block the expression of an otherwise obligatory category C with the sign s of a given class (this phenomenon is known as neutralization of an inflectional category): – Either s expresses a value of another obligatory category C´ such that C´ is incompatible with C and is ‘stronger’ than C; then C´ ‘overrides’ C. Thus, the plural in Russian adjectives precludes the expression of gender, which is otherwise obligatory: as a result, the Russian adjective does not distinguish gender in the plural.

Etc. d) The correspondence between some syntactic Objects (direct and indirect) and ‘resumptive’ clitics: Sp. María le habla a Pedro (Maria talks to Pedro) *María habla a Pedroœ (Lapointe 1985: 232ff treats this correspondence as a particular case of agreement). Congruity of syntactic relations I mean here the obligatory presence of the syntactic relation r1 when the syntactic relation r2 is present; for example, r2 Rus. čelovek bol´šogo@r1

386. Yn; the two formulae are equivalent. , /Yn/}. 10. , Yn. Thus, the sign am is representable only in its signified: (am) = {(be), (INDIC), (PRES), (1 PERS), (SG)}, but not in its signifier: /æm/ ≠ {/bĦ/, /Ø/}. A sign quasi-representable in its signified is suppletive with respect to some other sign(s); see Chapter 8, p. 405ff. The expression kick the bucket, on the contrary, is representable only in its signifier: kick the bucket = {kick, the, bucket}, but not in its signified: (die) ≠ {(kick), (the), (bucket)}.

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Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs) by Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

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