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By Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu 李建富, Dawa Tenzin) with Qi Huimin 祁慧民 , Charles Kevin Stuart, and Gerald Roche.

The namʑi are among the many scattered teams of individuals, formally categorised via the chinese language executive as Zang 藏 (ethnic Tibetans), who stay regularly in southern Sichuan 四川 but additionally in a number of locations within the north of the province. yes of those Qiangic-speaking peoples have been as soon as talked about in old records as 'Xifan' 西番 (Western Barbarians) (Harrell 2001:69). Strongly inspired via different neighborhood cultures, cultural and linguistic connections among those teams and the bigger Tibetan groups to the north and west fluctuate in measure. The namʑi who determine during this learn dwell within the region of Xichang urban 西昌市 , the capital of the Da Liangshan Yi Nationality independent Prefecture 大凉 山彝族自治州 the place the dominant ethnic teams are the Han 汉 chinese language and an enormous subgroup of the Yi ethnic crew, the Nuosu 诺苏 . The namʑi preserve a feeling of specific ethnic id inside their compact groups, although a lot of people are acquainted with the languages and customs in their associates. one of the good points that distinguish the namʑi are language, ritual traditions, foodways, facets of fabric tradition, and traditions of oral functionality. the current examine is an easy, pragmatic try and record the details of namʑi music and musical traditions comprising the neighborhood 'performance-scape'.

The fundamental researcher, Libu Lakhi, is a local of the group who was once knowledgeable in a really expert mode of auto-ethnography constructed by means of Charles Kevin Stuart and Gerald Roche at Qinghai common college 青海师范大学, Xining urban 西宁市 , Qinghai Province 青海省 . Drawing on ethnomusicology, socio-linguistics, and the 'performance' college of folkloristics, the version is meant to let neighborhood peoples to rfile and reveal their very own traditions in a sort on hand to students and folks on a world scale. This effective process should be successfully used in one of these small-scale codecs popular to folklorists and ethnomusicologists. In spirit, the process of educating isn't numerous to the tools hired in China because the might Fourth move period (1919 to the early Nineteen Thirties) the place students have been informed to assemble neighborhood music and tale texts, tools revived and recalibrated in the course of government-sponsored folklore gathering actions within the Nineteen Fifties, and back because the 1980s.

The current examine, although, not just stresses the gathering of music and chant texts, yet contextualizes them by way of offering exact descriptions of the performers and their lives, multi-linear representations of the tune lyrics and musical notation, and info of the functionality technique. whereas the authors haven't tried to put the songs and tune in a better neighborhood context, the extent of aspect and documentation will enable the gathering to function fabric for in-depth comparative learn with reference to different traditions. within the instant region, comparative reports will be made one of the melodies, lyrics, and dynamics of functionality in traditions of a few of the Nuosu and Han groups, in addition to the Mosuo 摩梭 humans of the Lake Lugu 泸沽湖 zone at the border of Sichuan and Yunnan 云 南 the place the word mada mi, a component of many songs during this quantity, can also be a part of music lore. In a broader context, this research will tackle new that means because it is (hopefully) joined by means of different works that convey cognizance to the multitude of sub-traditions grouped below the bigger reputable ethnic different types, because the mosaic of ethnicity in southwest China is additional explored, documented, and made on hand for appreciation to audiences past the local.

---Mark Bender (The Ohio country college)

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Additional info for ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES Volume 4: China's Namzi Tibetan Songs, Engagement Chants, & Flute Music

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Unlike in nearby Nuosu and Han communities, it is not the custom to demand or encourage people to drink a great deal―guests drink as they like. Young people are not offered liquor. Children may play in the courtyard. In the past, the host offered each guest a pinch of ground, locally grown tobacco to be smoked in a pipe. C As time passed, and more liquor was drunk, the sound of laughter and loud conversation about Li Guoqiang and bu53 du53 mo11 increased in volume. A piglet raised by the host's family was killed in the courtyard by two young men from dʐə11 qu11 Village who then heated the carcass by the hearth and busily removed the bristles.

The shop offers credit to customers who, if they do not bring cash, are asked to sign their names and write the price of their purchase. A •62• by Li Xiaolong and then, with both hands, as the host, he offered them each a rice-bowl about half-full of liquor. Young people in the home constantly replenished the bowls with liquor. Unlike in nearby Nuosu and Han communities, it is not the custom to demand or encourage people to drink a great deal―guests drink as they like. Young people are not offered liquor.

In the past, the host offered each guest a pinch of ground, locally grown tobacco to be smoked in a pipe. C As time passed, and more liquor was drunk, the sound of laughter and loud conversation about Li Guoqiang and bu53 du53 mo11 increased in volume. A piglet raised by the host's family was killed in the courtyard by two young men from dʐə11 qu11 Village who then heated the carcass by the hearth and busily removed the bristles. After washing the piglet in cold water, the two young men cut open the piglet and handed the gallbladder to li44 ʙu55 sə11pə53.

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ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES Volume 4: China's Namzi Tibetan Songs, Engagement Chants, & Flute Music by Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu 李建富, Dawa Tenzin) with Qi Huimin 祁慧民 , Charles Kevin Stuart, and Gerald Roche.


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