Based on Aristotle, man's crucial sociality implies a particular perception of politics, one within which all political institutions exist for the sake of the ethical perfection of humans. This stands in sharp distinction with the trendy view of politics that guy isn't "by nature" political; really, guy chooses to create political institutions for the sake of securing the security of his lifestyles and estate. Many political theorists have started to specific doubts approximately this contemporary view, calling for a go back to Aristotle's imaginative and prescient of a politics that's deeply ethical. In Aristotle's Politics at the present time, individual political philosophers representing a range of techniques research the that means, relevance, and implications of Aristotle's political inspiration for modern social and political concept. The members have interaction a extensive diversity of themes, together with Aristotle's perspectives on constitutionalism, the extension of Aristotelian rules to concerns in diplomacy, where of Aristotelian advantage in smooth democratic politics, and Aristotle's perception of justice.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's Politics Today (SUNY Series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)
Granted the case for public defense, what about similar collective goods like pollution control, environmental protection, public safety, public health, and disease control? 11 Another problem involves eminent domain, the power of the state to take private property for public use. If the government decides it is necessary to construct a military base, the ideal solution might be to purchase any property needed from the private owners. But if they are unwilling to sell or if they insist on holding out for an exorbitant sum, it may be necessary to take it from them coercively.
The problem is subtler. First, at the theoretical level, the liberal state conceives itself as enabling each individual to pursue his own ends. So from its perspective a group activity must be understood as the sum of the individual activities in the group; a tennis game would not be a single activity but two acts of two individuals, each of whom is playing tennis. Suppose that tennis were among the activities that constitute happiness. In fostering individual happiness, the state might encourage each individual to play tennis, but it would also encourage each individual to see happiness as something individual.
You accept Max Weber’s definition of the state as “an association that claims the monopoly on the legitimate use of violence” (Weber 1947, 156). The proper role of the state, so defined, is to use force in order to protect individual rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The best regime would thus be a minimal state, in which individuals achieve justice by respecting each other’s rights and cooperating for mutual advantage. Obviously, modern states are far from minimal. Every nook and cranny of modern life is subject to legislation and regulation.
Aristotle's Politics Today (SUNY Series in Ancient Greek Philosophy)