By Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos
This booklet is the main primary reinterpretation of historical Greek background, tradition, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the conventional view of the Greek darkish Age with facts of a gentle development from Mycenaean kingship to the notion of aristocratic the Aristocracy within the Archaic period.
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Extra resources for Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer
Nelson (2001); see also Rutter 2005: 20–7; Schaar 1990. 2 By axial ‘megara’ I include Hiesel’s oikos 1 and 2 and the Antenhaus types (Hiesel 1990: 5, 203–4). By mansions I mean the elaborate residences and industrial centres such as the House of the Sphinxes, the House of the Oil Merchant; see Darcque 2005: 341–66. 9 and post and then to add additional rooms at the side and end (Wright 1990: 347–53). This is in fact an old habit observable throughout the MH in the reservation of the back room of an apsidal or rectangular structure for storage, which can be entered either from within the house or from outside it (Lerna: Zerner 1978: 35–8; Eutresis: Goldman 1931, houses C and D; Korakou: Blegen 1921: 76–8, house F).
The earliest known instances of these in masonry are in blocks from the Chrysolakkos mortuary complex at Mallia, dating as early as MM IB (Shaw 1973: 70 and ﬁgs 62–3). They are otherwise unknown in Cretan architecture and not probably related to the Mycenaean practie. Dowel holes drilled in this technique are known in Hittite architecture, notably at Bog˘azköy, where they are cut into the upper faces of orthostates (Naumann 1971: 111–14). Küpper cautiously does not attribute the Mycenaean technique to the Hittites, which would necessitate a transfer as early as 1400 (Küpper 1996: 14, 118–19; see also Naumann 1971: 114, n.
At the level of domestic architecture, the houses of the Panagia Complex at Mycenae well illustrate the pervasiveness of this plan (Shear 1986; Darcque 2005: 351–2; Hiesel 1990: 149–53). 8; buildings V, VI; Kilian 1979: 400–4; Kilian, Podzuweit and Weisshaar 1981: 178–80; Kilian, Hiesel and Weisshaar 1982: 400–3). The type is represented elsewhere, for example at Zygouries, the Menelaion, Pylos, Mouriatadha, and Thebes (Hiesel 1990; Darcque 2005: 351). As Darcque has pointed out, the most elaborate of these structures are not properly classiﬁable as domestic, for they display many features of palatial architecture: use of massive rubble masonry that evokes Cyclopean terraces and walls, systematic employment of half-timbering, internal built staircases, cut stone elements (bases, antae, thresholds), and frescoes (Darcque 2005: 357–66: chapter 3).
Ancient Greece: From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer by Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos