By Thomas Malthus
Malthus's Essay appears to be like on the perennial tendency of people to outstrip their assets: replica regularly exceeds foodstuff creation. at the present time Malthus continues to be a byword for hindrance approximately man's demographic and ecological customers.
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Extra info for An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's Classics)
101). Gillian Rose argues that ‘[T]he founding fathers of geography…sought a kind of knowledge that would apply universally…. They made no connection between the world as it was seen and the position of the viewer…’ (Rose 1993: 7). i Rose focuses primarily on exclusions of women, gender processes and the ways in which claims to universal, exhaustive knowledge in geography imply that ‘others’ cannot add significantly to this knowledge. She makes these arguments in order to understand the continuing marginalisation of feminist work in the discipline.
So the Rest was critical for the formation of western Enlightenment – and therefore for modern social science. (Hall 1992: 313–14) Hall’s quote also underscores that, despite claims of universality, Western scientific knowledge was itself culturally produced in very particular and unique histories, sites and relations between places – those of ‘the West and the Rest’. Stories of Western civilisation and the progressive potential of modern science were/are actively constructed through histories of colonisation in Asia, Africa and Latin America, the development of extractive agricultural and mineral economies in the New World and trade in slaves and resources which institutionalised the economic and political power of Europe and North America.
They express a tense relationship with issues of universalism and modernity, arguing for knowledge that transcends the local in ‘…the critical modernist recovery not of sameness, but of similarity’ (Peet with Hartwick 1999: 205). Nonetheless, they argue for ethical and political principles of development, which transcend the local to guide those in development to respond through ‘…at least quasi-universal principles’ (p. 205). 2 Development as situated knowledge Feminist critiques of universal knowledge claims argue that they assert their superiority by actively subordinating, but fundamentally relying on, gendered, classed and 38 CONTEXTS OF ‘DEVELOPMENTS’ raced subjects and forms of knowledge produced in other cultures and places (Haraway 1988; Hartsock 1983; Harding 1986; Rose 1993).
An Essay on the Principle of Population (Oxford World's Classics) by Thomas Malthus