By Peter Green, Eugene N. Borza
This biography starts now not with one of many universally identified incidents of Alexander's existence, yet with an account of his father, Philip of Macedonia, whose many-territoried empire used to be the 1st at the continent of Europe to have an successfully centralized executive and army. What Philip and Macedonia needed to supply, Alexander made his personal, yet Philip and Macedonia additionally made Alexander shape a huge context for realizing Alexander himself. but his origins and coaching don't absolutely clarify the guy. After he was once named hegemon of the Hellenic League, many philosophers got here to congratulate Alexander, yet one used to be conspicuous by way of his absence: Diogenes the Cynic, an ascetic who lived in a clay bath. Piqued and curious, Alexander himself visited the thinker, who, while requested if there has been whatever Alexander might do for him, made the recognized answer, "Don't stand among me and the sun." Alexander's courtiers jeered, yet Alexander silenced them: "If I weren't Alexander, i might be Diogenes." This comment was once as unforeseen in Alexander because it will be in a latest leader.
For the final reader, the ebook, redolent with gritty information and completely conscious of Alexander's darker facet, bargains a gripping story of Alexander's occupation. complete backnotes, fourteen maps, and chronological and genealogical tables serve readers with extra really expert interests.
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Additional info for Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.: A Historical Biography
Homer, The Odyssey. ). ). Athenian orator IG: Inscriptwnes Graecae, r873ii2: Editw minor of vols. ii and iii, ed. ~chner,Igl3'"35· Inform. : L'InjOf'Tfllltilm Histqrjque, Paris. ). : Epistuku [Letters] xl Jahr. Oest. Arch. : JBerlM: JHS: JNG: Josephus: Journ. Austral. Univ. Lang. : Jul. : Lydus: MAO: MDAI(A): MDAI(R): Milns: Key to Abbreviations Ep. : Philippus Jahreshefte des Oesterreichischen Archiiologischen Instituts. Vienna. Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen. Berlin. Journal of Hellenic Studies.
The Classical World. Bethlehem, Pa. : Deinarchus, Greek orator (c. g6o-c. ). Comp. Rend. Acad. : Chicago Press. : In Demosthenem In Philocl. : Demades, Athenian politician (fl. ). Twelve Tears: 'l'7ttp 'tij<,; 86l8exe:-reE~', attributed to Demades but almost certainly not by him. Demetrius, Greek literary critic (late Hellenistic or Roman period). ). C. : Contra Aristocratem Chers. :DeCOrona Halonn. : Philippica xxxviii DioChrys. ]: Dion. Hal. : Diss. : Key to Abbreviations Dio Cocceianus or Chrysostomus, Greek orator and philosopher (c.
Table of Dates xlvii Siege of Tyre begun. June: second peace-offer by Darius refused. 29 July: fall of Tyre. September-October: Gaza captured. ):Alexander crowned as Pharaoh at Memphis. Early spring: visit to the Oracle of Ammon at Siwah. 331 ? 7-8 April: foundation of Alexandria. Alexander returns to Tyre. July- August: Alexander reaches Thapsacus on Euphrates; Darius moves his main forces from Babylon. 18 September: Alexander crosses the Tigris. Darius' final peace-offer rejected. 30 September or 1 October: Battle of Gaugamela.
Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.: A Historical Biography by Peter Green, Eugene N. Borza