By Harold F. Schiffman
It is a reference grammar of the traditional spoken number of Tamil, which differs appreciably from the literary language. This booklet, a miles increased model of the author's Grammar of Spoken Tamil (1979) is the 1st such grammar to comprise examples either in Tamil script and in transliteration, and is designed to be obtainable to scholars learning the fashionable spoken language in any respect degrees in addition to to linguists and different experts. The publication has benefited from huge native-speaker enter and the author's personal lengthy event of educating Tamil to English-speakers.
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Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Spoken Tamil (Reference Grammars)
That is, we give mare for LT LDflny) 'rain', even if many speakers say male or even male. There are certain stem-final consonants in this group that tend to be not realized at all in ST, while others occur but with an epenthetic u vowel15 added. Thus it is typical for the final $TT in LT pronouns ^SUCTT, ^ftjfjiSBfin, j£f5j
J^rfl nan 'fox' + kitte — • j5rfl©L_Qi_ nari-kitte 'in the possession of the fox' 2. pnm naan T + kitte — • ^T^OTSLIQL. 1 Syntax of SLLQL. kitte There are some complexities of syntax involved with the use of the animate locative marker SLLQL kitte. g. ^ftjprLLQi_ avarite 'with, on him'. When the animate locative marker S I I Q L . kitte is attached to a noun in a sentence with certain kinds of stative verbs or the copula, there is a semantic contrast of the following sort: 32 CHAPTER 1. 2. 5
Found in all dialects, perfectly regular. 2. Doubling of sonorants in CVC where V is short: kal — • kallu etc. 3. CVC where V is long, add u\ (but not in all dialects: naalu — • naa). 4. / in plurals, pronouns, verbs> deleted in final position, otherwise present. 5. Nasalization of final [Vm, Vn] (but not [Vn]). 6. Lowering of [i, u] to [e, o] in sequence (C)... Ca, as in idam — • edam, utkkaaru — • ukkaaru ([ukkair**]). 7. Deletion of /, r, /before stops, internally: utkkaarndeen — • ukkaandeen etc.
A Reference Grammar of Spoken Tamil (Reference Grammars) by Harold F. Schiffman