A History of Philosophy, Volume 1: Greece and Rome: From the - download pdf or read online

By Frederick Copleston

ISBN-10: 0385468431

ISBN-13: 9780385468435

Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A background Of Philosophy has journeyed a ways past the modest objective of its writer to common acclaim because the top historical past of philosophy in English.

Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of tremendous erudition who as soon as tangled with A. J. Ayer in a fabled debate in regards to the lifestyles of God and the potential of metaphysics, knew that seminary scholars have been fed a woefully insufficient vitamin of theses and proofs, and that their familiarity with such a lot of history's nice thinkers used to be lowered to simplistic caricatures. Copleston got down to redress the inaccurate by way of writing an entire historical past of Western philosophy, one crackling with incident and highbrow pleasure -- and person who offers complete position to every philosopher, providing his suggestion in a fantastically rounded demeanour and displaying his hyperlinks to people who went earlier than and to those that got here after him.

The results of Copleston's prodigious labors is a historical past of philosophy that's not going ever to be handed. proposal journal summed up the final contract between students and scholars alike whilst it reviewed Copleston's A background of Philosophy as "broad-minded and target, complete and scholarly, unified and good proportioned... we won't suggest [it] too highly."

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Metapnysia (tram, by J A. Smith and W. D. ROM) 22 THE PIONEERS: E A R L Y IONIAN PHILOSOPHERS 23 this may be, it is clear that the phenomenon of evaporation suggests that water may become mist or air, while the phenomenon of freezing might suggest that, if the process were carried further, water could become earth. In any case the importance of this early thinker lies in the fact that he raised the question, what is the ultimate nature of the world; and not in the answer that he actually gave to that question or in his reasons, be they what they may, for giving that answer.

In Eukleiden, Friedlein, 65, 16-19. » Heath, art. cit. 4 Cf. the words of the Russian philosopher, Leo Chestov: " I t ha£ happened a. re than once that a truth has had to wait for recognition whole centuries after its discovery. So it was with Pythagoras' teaching of the movement of the earth. Everyone thought it false, and for more than 1,500 years men refused to accept this truth. " Leo Chestov, In Job's Balances, p. 168 (trans, by C. Coventry and Macartnoy). THE PYTHAGOREAN SOCIETY 3I they tended to break away from the de facto materialism of the Milesian cosmologists; but also because of their influence on Plato, who was doubtless influenced by their conception of the soul (he probably borrowed from them the doctrine of the tripartite nature of the soul) and its destiny.

Dt Nat. D„ 1, 10, a y , H 'PPol.. , 16. a (D. la A 11). • Ps. Plut. , a (D. xa aA(D. ta A 10). PRE-SOCRATIC PHILOSOPHY i26 some attempt at least to answer the question how the world developed out of this primary element. III. Anaximenes The third philosopher of the Milesian School was Anaximenes. He must have been younger than Anaximander—at least Theophrastus says that he was an "associate" of Anaximander. He wrote a book, of which a small fragment has survived. " The doctrine of Anaximenes appears, at first sight at any rate, to be a decided retrogression from the stage reached by Anaximander, for Anaximenes, abandoning the theory of T6 &«ipov, follows Thales in assigning a determinate element as the Urstoff.

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A History of Philosophy, Volume 1: Greece and Rome: From the Pre-Socratics to Plotinus by Frederick Copleston


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