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By Gilberto M. Hinojosa

Wave upon wave of rookies has penetrated the semiarid plains of the U.S.-Mexican borderlands. one of the settlers and sojourners alongside the Rio Grande within the mid–eighteenth century have been the founders of Laredo, who got here looking survival and permanence in that chaparral country.

Established in 1755 as an outpost of latest Spain, Laredo, like different borderlands cities, has periodically been buffeted via robust outdoor forces that disenchanted the good society and relations solidarity attribute of the early villa. not like another border groups, notwithstanding, it has maintained a fashionable Mexican-American political and monetary elite.

Applying quantitative ideas of demographic research and interweaving their effects with extra conventional narrative, Gilberto Miguel Hinojosa tells the tale of a borderlands city and its humans. He exhibits how better occasions comparable to conflict, monetary melancholy, and alterations of sovereignty affected kinfolk constitution, racial and ethnic divisions, social-class family, age composition of the inhabitants, estate possession, literacy, and different facets of the day-by-day lives of the townspeople. His conclusions recommend that existence in those groups was once faraway from the static, uneventful lifestyles it used to be believed to be.

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Extra resources for A borderlands town in transition : Laredo, 1755-1870

Example text

It may be that racial mixing had taken place in the interior and not on the frontier.  A town ordinance in 1770 set fines and punishments according to these distinctions.  93. 38 Censuses of 1757 and 1789, in Laredo Archives.  Only 35 of the 974 entries made between 1789 and 1809 listed parents who were dons and doñas.  Padrinos (sponsors) who were dons and doñas participated in twenty­nine of these christenings.  There is also the possibility that the sponsors were older persons and that the titles of don and doña came with seniority rather than merely with wealth.

38 Censuses of 1757 and 1789, in Laredo Archives.  Only 35 of the 974 entries made between 1789 and 1809 listed parents who were dons and doñas.  Padrinos (sponsors) who were dons and doñas participated in twenty­nine of these christenings.  There is also the possibility that the sponsors were older persons and that the titles of don and doña came with seniority rather than merely with wealth. ). 40 Note at the bottom of the Indian census of 1789, decree of Miguel Ponce (footnote continued on the next page) Page 20 In the midst of racial, ethnic, and social divisions, the institution of the family stood out as the cohesive factor during the eighteenth century among all groups in Laredo.

4 percent of all person in both married and widowed categories.  Only two persons married under this age, one male and one female, are listed in the census reports during this period and the next. Page 35 21 In contrast to earlier censuses, which had not listed any widows, wartime tallies record a large number of women in that category.  If this was the case, or even if they were in fact widows, the consequences of the war on Laredo's society were as serious as the combat fatalities themselves.

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A borderlands town in transition : Laredo, 1755-1870 by Gilberto M. Hinojosa

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